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01 December 2008

Setting Up a Windows Network

Installing a NIC
  • Physical installation
    -PCI or ISA card
    -PC Card (PCMCIA)
  • Setup in Windows
    -Run Setup utility to install driver
    -Configure any options as needed
    -Test to confirm functionality

Installing a Hub, Switch, or AP

  • Connect network cables
  • Connect AC power to device
  • Start up PC(s) and test network connectivity

Networking Software and the OSI Model

Version Differences in Windows Networking
  • Windows 95, 98, Me
    -Single set of properties for all networking as a whole
  • Windows 2000, XP
    -Each network connection has its own properties
    -Each network connection can have different protocols and services
Windows 2000/XP Networking
  • Choose a network connection and then view its Properties

Network Client Software
  • Client for Microsoft Networks
    -Might already be installed
    -Installed during Windows Setup if a NIC is detected
    -Installed when you run Network Setup Wizard

  • Client for Netware Networks
    -Must be manually installed
    -Not available in all versions

Manually Installing Network Client Software

  • Windows 9x/Me
    -Add client from Networks dialog box

  • Windows 2000/XP
    -Choose a network connection and add client for that connection

  • TCP/IP
    -Usually installed by default
    -Required for Internet
    -Used by most networks

  • NetBEUI
    -Older, compact protocol
    -Not routable
    -Not available in Windows XP

  • IPX/SPX-Compatible
    -Internetwork Packet Exchange/Sequenced Packet Exchange
    -Required for Client for Netware Networks
Binding Protocols
  • Required in Windows 9x/Me because of the single set of Network settings
  • Associates a protocol with a client or NIC
Binding Protocols

Checking for Network Connectivity
  • Browse My Network Places (or Network Neighborhood)

Changing the Computer Name and Workgroup Name
  • In System Properties:
    -Windows 2000: Network Identification tab
    -Windows XP: Computer Name tab in System properties

Network Setup with Wizards
  • Windows Me:
    -Home Networking Wizard
  • Windows XP:
    -Network Setup Wizard
Understanding TCP/IP
  • IP Addresses
    -32-bit binary number
    -Broken down into four 8-digit binary numbers
    -Each binary number converted to decimal
    -Example: 1100111.10010110.11000000.00001100(equivalent to

Assigning IP Addresses

  • Static: Fixed address, assigned to each PC
  • Dynamic: Address assigned to the PC by a DHCP server

  • Automatic Private IP Address (APIPA): Address assigned by default if DHCP server is not available
Subnet Masks
  • Tells where the network address divides from the host address

  • Binary versions always have the 1s first, followed by the 0s
    -Example, 11111111.11111111.11111111.00000000
    -When converted to decimal:
DNS Server
  • Stands for Domain Name System
  • Translates between URLs and IP addresses on the Internet

  • Many DNS servers on the Internet, all sharing data with one another
Checking PC’s IP Address
  • Windows 2000 or XP:
    1.Display properties for desired connectionDisplay properties for TCP/IP

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